Cloud Computing – “The Third Wave Digitalization”

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The expeditiously changes in the technical environment have caused cutthroat competition with economical uncertainty and complexity which has affected the nationwide immensely. On throwing beam over covid-19 outburst caused by the novel coronavirus, companies and industries have instructed their employees to work from home as precautionary measures to reduce the risk of viral. However, this has been manifested in different security risks. The whirlwind worldwide spread of covid-19 has grown its magnitude of data analysis from various resources i.e employees working from home only depends upon the cloud computing application which helps them to effectively accomplish their duties.

What cloud computing is?

The delivery of computing services includes services storage, database and networking software analytics intelligence over the internet. The generated data could be in the form of structured, semi-structured or unstructured data. The cloud makes it possible for you to assess your information from anywhere at any point in time. While at traditional computer setup requires you to be in the same location as your data storage device. This is how the cloud has seized over the technological world. 

The cloud model comprises of two parts:

  1. Cloud Service platform that delivers the model services.
  2. clouds users represent an organization or individual that assesses the provide cloud services.

The cloud computing model includes the platform hardware, software and infrastructure as a service and is now a complete package with these services offered.

 The three categories of the service offers are :

  •  Infrastructure-as-a-service (Iaas)

Example: Amazon web services, GoGrid, 3Tera, etc. 

  • Software- as-a-service (Saas)

Examples: Google Docs, Salesforce. Companies, Acrobat.Com, Microsoft, Zoho, etc. 

  • Platform-as-a-service in the cloud(Paas)

Example: Linux, Apache, MySQL, Google’s App Engine,Force.com, etc. 

Cloud deployment includes four models they are :

  • Private Cloud – A private cloud is established for a specific group or organization and limits its access to just that group.
    • on-premises private cloud – It is. also known as internal cloud and are hosted within one’s data. centers.
    • Externally hosted private cloud – This type of private cloud is hosted externally within the cloud. It provides, an exclusive cloud environment with a full guarantee of privacy.
  • Public Cloud – It can be accessed by any subscriber with an internet connection and access to the cloud space. They are owned and operated by third parties.
  • Community Cloud – These clouds are shared among two or more organizations that have similar cloud requirements.
  • Hybrid Cloud – A hybrid cloud is essentially a combination of at least two clouds, where the clouds are a mixture of public, private and community.

The Cloud Computing environment is deployed through visualization technology. This visualization is an abstraction called the Visual Machine Monitor (VMM )or hyper vision layer between operation system, hardware and application.VMM is just similar to a controller. This controller governs hardware resources and enables multi-tendency to share resources and allows the multi-operating system to reside on the same physical hardware at the same time.

Facts And Figures :

Analytic “Gartner” predicted that half of the global Enterprises using the cloud now will have gone all- in- on it by 2021. According to Gartner, global spending on cloud service will reach$260 billion this year up from $219.6 billion. It’s also growing at a faster rate than the analysts expected. But it’s not entirely clear that how much of the demand is coming from a business that wants to move to the cloud and how much it is being created by vendors who now only offer the cloud versions of their products. Often because they are keen to move away from selling one -of licenses to selling potential from more lucrative and predictable cloud subscriptions.

Consumer Vs Business

In the surge of the coronavirus crisis, all the scales of recent statistical analysis have turned to enormous increases in its demands. In light of the epizootic covid-19 pandemic which has caused radical changes in human life as well as working cultures.The demand of Cloud Computing Environment especially on the application layer due to the increase in demand for application and other sectors such as :

  • SOCIAL MEDIA: Facebook Instagram link in YouTube Twitter and many other social media apps uses the cloud in one or another.
  • ENTERTAINMENT: Before Cloud Computing came into the picture world. we used to watch our favorite shows on television or listen to the show which aired on the radio. Cloud has brought a revolution in the entertainment world Netflix, Amazon Prime, Spotify, Watch, Disney Hotstar are a few examples of cloud-based apps.
  • SHOPPING: Revolutionized the way we do shopping at Amazon, Flipkart, Myntra and many more apps have made the shopping experience much easier and comfortable.
  • HEALTH CARE: Some doctor’s offices have established cloud-based patient portals where important health data are accessible. Digital records of patients are stored at hospitals or health care service providers.
  • EDUCATION: All the education universities are now offering online courses across the country. The information, lessons, and the material used for learning are stored in the Cloud. Now students can access requested data at any time anywhere.
  • COMMUNICATION: Cloud also allows users to enjoy network-based communication tools such as email messaging and calling apps like Gmail, WhatsApp, Google duo, Skype are based on cloud infrastructure.

The demand for application from Cloud Computing in the various sector has increased substantially, these rapid changes have activated enthusiastic research to move their aim towards the pandemic and how business industries are subsisted with changes that have tended to focus on social-economic impacts rather than on cloud computing technologies.

  • Cloud Computing provides a way for business to manage their resources online
  • It allows the business entities to assess their information virtually.
  • Flexibility – users are free to decide about the service which they want to use and pay as for use at their convenience.
  • Disaster recovery the Cloud Service provider take care of such issue and help the clients to recover faster.

Cloud Reach So Far :

Cloud Computing has reached where it is today with the help of

  • Distributed System and its Peripherals
  • Visualisation
  • Service Orientation
  • Web 2.0
  • Utility Computing

Impact Of Risk, Working From Home:

The market consists of many types of business model which includes Business to Consumer(B2C) Business to Business(B2B) and Business to government(B2G). These types of Business models were recessive in many countries until online consumer business become heavily saturated. Now covid-19 has unexpectedly given hope to the Home-to -X terminology like Home to Government (H2G)and Home to Consumer(H2C). The technology includes

  • virtual meeting
  • Digital Healthcare
  • Online education
  • Cybersecurity
  • Logistic to smart cities
  • Telecommunication

Foremost office and education centers have been closed and stay-at-home orders have resulted in a massive sustained surge in users collaboration learning and entertainment solution into virtual-only ones. The work environment is transferred to home both individually and virtually connected remotely. On the other hand, it will create unexpected damages and security issues like:

  • Data Privacy Issue
  • Internet Quality Issue
  • Application Issues
  • Personal Device Issue

Cloud computing environment was infrastructure as distributed service-oriented paradigm consists of a multi-domain, multi-operating and multi-user system.

Positive Impacts:

The employ of cloud computing applications has accelerated the volume, velocity, and variety of data being generated in every single second around the world from the various services and applications. The use of web-enabled devices by the business environment has suddenly increased in its figures that allow to set up a virtual office, which is essential to give flexibility of connecting business anywhere at any time. This makes data access even easier which provides the following positive impact on the cloud computing using world.

  • Reduce in Cost
  • Unlimited Scalability
  • Flexible of Work Practices
  • Better Mobility
  • Improve Communication
  • Reliability
  • Increase Storage
  • Easier Upgrade
  • Disaster Recovery
  • Security
  • Data Logging
  • Policy Management
  • Reduce Power Consumption
  • Collaboration Efficiency
  • Access to Automation Updates.

Obstacles :

Despite the increase in the use of cloud computing applications, there are ongoing research challenges in the domain of cloud computing environment concerning data guaranteeing, security and the ability of the cloud computing applications. The demand for these services is much greater than before but now it has fired the demand with the increasing sophistication of technologies more and more can be achieved quickly.

Somewhat it is strenuous to store in a format that cannot be simply integrated due to the flow of large data of high speed. The data of a large scale has increased from the various field organization that faces stress and strain to keep their position in the competitive market.

The obstacles faced by cloud computing are -:

  • Interoperability
  • Leakage of sensitive data
  • Data Breaches and Downtime
  • Growing volume Variety and Velocity of Data Present Critical Risk
  • Shared Technology Vulnerability
  • Lack of Visibility and control
  • Compliance Complexity
  • Lack of Transparency
  • Insufficient Due Diligence
  • Management Capabilities, Account or Service Traffic Hijacking
  • Vendor Lock-In
  • Portability
  • Question Mark on Regulatory and Compliance Restrictions.

Challenges To Overcome :

Despite the number of benefits and obstacles of cloud computing, there is an increased in-migration rate because of different challenges faced by the company’s

  • Use Encryption Technique
  • Alternative Backups
  • Highly Skilled and Experienced Cloud Professionals
  • Invest in Education
  • Proper Cloud Provider Selection

Future Of Cloud Computing :

A new era of digital transformation required the future of cloud computing. “No one can tell the future but, yes we can predict it” by analyzing the current trends and usages.

  • Increases Storage Capacity
  • Performance of Internet
  • Priority to Modular Softwares
  • Internet of Things Along with cloud Computing
  • Data Shows How Future Changes
  • Improvement in Cloud Services
  • Security and Economic

Conclusion :

Today businesses are up-stepping with the new innovative ways to accelerate and accomplish their business targets. It has shown tremendous revolutions in the stream of technology, though it is very powerful and expensive but will continue to grow in the future and will provide many benefits. Everything has its impact likewise cloud computing environments do also have embraced digitalization and automation in the world of many industries. This has somewhere helped in the Covid pandemic to transform the way businesses were run previously. Cloud computing has played a vital role in alteration which has influenced the changes in working approach in terms of business organization.

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